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四级考试巅峰训练一本通 Test 2

[00:01.46]Test Two
[00:03.07]Section A
[00:04.75]1. W:I ought to call Joan,
[00:06.95]and tell her about the reception this evening.
[00:09.43]M: Why bother? You will see her at lunch.
[00:12.34]Q: What does the man mean?
[00:29.65]2. W: Did you see last night's film on channel 4?
[00:33.58]M: Well, I meant to see it,
[00:35.21]but a friend of mine came to see me.
[00:37.12]We had a long talk about our school days.
[00:40.29]Q: What did the man do last night?
[00:58.37]3. W: A drop of rain never did any harm. Let's go, shall we?
[01:03.25]M: I'm going to wait for it to clear up.
[01:05.93]Q: What's the man going to wait for?
[01:23.49]4. M: Excuse me, madam, I'm new in town.
[01:26.91]Can you tell me the way to the Grand Cinema?
[01:29.84]W: Go along this street for about ten minutes,
[01:32.24]then you will see it.
[01:33.57]It's a stone's throw away from here.
[01:36.12]Q: What can we learn from the conversation?
[01:54.21]5. M: Shall we have an appetizer?
[01:56.93]W: That would be wise.
[01:58.07]Our main course won't be ready until 7:45, and it's 7:00 now.
[02:02.76]We won't have time for dessert if we want to catch the 8:30 movie,
[02:06.49]so let's have an appetizer instead.
[02:09.20]Q: How much time will the people have for the appetizer?
[02:28.01]6. W: I demand to see the manager!
[02:31.40]M: The manager is out. Madam,
[02:33.08]but if you have complaint, I'm sure I can assist you.
[02:36.55]Q: What is the man's attitude?
[02:54.02]7. W: How did your interview go?
[02:56.82]M: I couldn't feel better about it.
[02:58.61]The questions were fair,
[02:60.00]and I seemed to find an answer for all of them.
[03:02.90]Q: How does the man feel about the interview?
[03:21.25]8. W: I'm not making enough money.
[03:24.53]Maybe I should get a part time job.
[03:26.94]M: A part time job? When would you sleep?
[03:30.09]Q: What does the man mean?
[03:47.24]Conversation One
[03:49.11]M: Cindy! Have you heard the news?
[03:51.45]W: No, Steve. What do you mean?
[03:53.36]M: You know all the classes we've missed because of the snow?
[03:56.39]W: Uh oh …
[03:57.56]M: Yup—we're going to have to make them up
[03:59.72]and the dean says it will have to be during spring break.
[04:02.73]W: Steve! We have our vacation all set!
[04:05.76]What are we going to do? Do the others know?
[04:08.43]M: I don't know but I certainly can't afford
[04:10.80]to miss five days of classes this semester,
[04:13.04]with that week I was sick …
[04:14.41]W: But I really don't want to cancel our trip.
[04:17.29]All of us have already made our plane reservations!
[04:20.42]M: I can try to call the travel agency;
[04:22.52]maybe they can refund our money.
[04:24.52]But before we do anything we need to speak with our professors.
[04:27.95]W: You think they'll excuse us from class?
[04:29.90]M: Probably not. But I was talking to Kevin this morning
[04:32.87]and he said that one of his professors told him
[04:35.31]that they could make up the class at a different time.
[04:37.62]W: Wow—that's great! Which professor was it?
[04:40.12]M: I don't know.
[04:41.30]But we're going to have to speak to all of them anyway.
[04:44.20]W: Why didn't they add extra days
[04:45.72]at the end of the semester before summer classes?
[04:48.73]M: Because of the graduation date, which can't be changed.
[04:51.61]W: Are other colleges around here doing the same thing?
[04:54.64]M: I would imagine so — it's been such a bad winter
[04:57.40]and we've missed too many classes.
[04:59.12]We do really need to make them up.
[05:01.10]W: I know, I know. I was just really looking forward to this vacation.
[05:05.81]The idea of the sun and the beach!
[05:08.28]M: Oh look, there's Professor Hampton right now!
[05:11.31]W: Come on, let's go talk to her!
[05:14.47]Questions 9 to 12 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
[05:18.83]9. Why are the man and woman upset?
[05:36.79]10.What can be inferred about the man's and woman's vacation?
[05:56.38]11. Why can't the semester be extended?
[06:14.28]12. Why can't the man miss classes?
[06:32.35]Conversation Two
[06:34.00]M: Have you heard?
[06:35.05]A new academic dean will be installed this week,
[06:37.65]and it seems that he already has a lot of new ideas.
[06:41.34]W: Oh yeah, campus radio announced
[06:43.32]that he's starting a new internship program.
[06:46.02]Students will actually get a chance
[06:47.58]to join local opera companies on their productions.
[06:50.62]M: That sounds intriguing. I wonder how he got the idea?
[06:54.48]W: Well, it seems he set up a similar program in another university
[06:58.72]and he feels that practical experience is an important addition
[07:02.07]to the artistic training in the theater.
[07:04.42]M: You mean we'll get course credit
[07:05.94]for watching the opera companies rehearse?
[07:08.38]W: We'll get course credit all right,
[07:10.27]but we'll have to earn it by working hard with the company.
[07:13.05]M: If I decided to participate,
[07:14.89]who would decide what job I'd get?
[07:17.19]W: First, you have to be a theater major to join the program,
[07:20.73]but the program coordinator
[07:21.97]would try to match students' interests with jobs wherever possible.
[07:25.66]And guess what?
[07:26.88]One or two music majors might be selected to perform with the company.
[07:30.85]M: What? You mean stand up in front of hundreds of people and sing?
[07:34.74]I like acting, but can't imagine myself taking on an operatic role!
[07:40.76]Questions 13 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
[07:45.46]13. Why was the new program started?
[08:03.54]14. What will the students involved in the new program do?
[08:22.31]15. What is required of students participating in the program?
[08:43.62]Section B
[08:45.48]Passage One
[08:47.23]The BBC was established in 1927.
[08:50.89]From the beginning its policy has been
[08:53.29]that it will try to "educate, inform and entertain" the people.
[08:57.41]The original organizers of the BBC
[09:00.06]thought it was very important that the BBC
[09:02.56]should be independent from political and commercial interests.
[09:06.35]This means they did not want to be financed by the government,
[09:09.67]because that would mean that they could be influenced politically,
[09:12.87]and they did not want to be paid by advertizers,
[09:15.52]because it would mean that they would have to produce
[09:17.85]the kind of programmes that advertizers wanted.
[09:21.60]Each person in Britain has to pay a licence fee annually
[09:24.95]if they own a television,
[09:26.48]and this money is collected by the BBC.
[09:29.67]In this way the organization remains independent
[09:32.82]and need only be influenced
[09:34.40]by the public who watch their programmes.
[09:37.30]They also make money from selling their programmes abroad.
[09:40.68]The government only gives them money for world service programmes
[09:43.95]which are not broadcast in Britain.
[09:47.40]Questions 16 to 19 are based on the passage you have just heard.
[09:52.08]16. When did the BBC appear?
[10:09.73]17. Which is not the service provided by the BBC?
[10:28.13]18. Who can influence the BBC's programmes?
[10:46.30]19. Which of the following is supported by the government?
[11:04.83]Passage Two
[11:06.31]The word "horsepower" was first used two hundred years ago.
[11:09.96]James Watt had made the world's first widely used steam engine.
[11:14.39]He had no way of telling people exactly how powerful it was,
[11:17.54]for at that time there were no units for measuring power.
[11:20.65]Watt decided to find out
[11:22.07]how much work one strong horse could do in one minute.
[11:25.34]He called that unit one horsepower.
[11:27.66]With this unit he could measure the work his steam engine could do.
[11:31.37]He discovered that a horse could lift
[11:33.37]a 3300 pound weight 10 feet into the air in one minute.
[11:38.07]His engine could lift a 3300 pound weight 100 feet in one minute.
[11:43.27]Because his engine did ten times as much work as the horse,
[11:46.33]Watt called it a ten horsepower engine.
[11:49.72]Questions 20 to 22 are based on the passage you have just heard.
[11:54.17]20. What did Watt make according to the passage?
[12:12.31]21. What way did Watt want to find?
[12:29.90]22. What is the best title for this passage?
[12:47.68]Passage Three
[12:49.11]If you are like most people,
[12:50.79]your intelligence varies from season to season.
[12:53.52]You are probably a lot sharper in the spring
[12:56.30]than you are at any other time of year.
[12:59.07]A noted scientist, Ellsworth Huntington,
[13:02.16]concluded from other men's work and his own
[13:04.90]among people in different climate and temperature
[13:07.58]have a definite effect on our mental abilities.
[13:10.69]He found that cool weather is much more favorable
[13:13.22]for creative thinking than is summer heat.
[13:16.65]This does not mean that all people are less intelligent in summer
[13:20.43]than they are during the rest of the year.
[13:23.26]It does mean, however,
[13:25.33]that the mental abilities of large numbers of people
[13:28.21]tend to be lowest in summer.
[13:31.00]Spring appears to be the best period of the year for thinking.
[13:34.93]One reason may be that in the spring
[13:37.69]man's mental abilities are affected by the same factors
[13:41.34]that bring about great changes in all nature.
[13:44.68]Fall is the next best season, then winter.
[13:47.63]As for summer,
[13:48.53]it seems to be a good time to take a long vacation from thinking.
[13:53.75]Questions 23 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard.
[13:58.91]23. What is the passage mainly about?
[14:16.68]24. What is the best season for thinking?
[14:34.13]25. Which of the following statements is true
[14:37.50]according to the passage?
[14:54.62]Section C
[14:56.15]Women are, on the whole, more verbal than men.
[14:59.92]They are good at language and at reasoning,
[15:02.31]while men tend to be better at tasks demanding visual spatial abilities.
[15:06.67]Words are tools for communicating with other people
[15:09.69]and they are mainly verbal tools.
[15:11.66]Visual and spatial abilities are tools
[15:13.58]for imagining and manipulating objects
[15:16.95]and helping communicating information about them.
[15:19.46]Are these abilities programmed into the brain?
[15:22.11]It has been suggested that when it comes to the brain,
[15:24.83]males are specialists while women are generalists.
[15:28.41]But no one knows that, if anything,
[15:30.83]this means in terms of the abilities of the two sexes.
[15:34.26]Engineering is both visual and spatial,
[15:37.04]and it's true that there are relatively fewer women engineers.
[15:40.38]But women become just as skilled as men
[15:42.33]at shooting a rifle or driving a car,
[15:44.43]tasks that involve visual spitial skills.
[15:47.08]They also do equally well at programming a computer,
[15:49.80]which is neither visual nor spatial.
[15:52.00]Women do, however,
[15:52.98]seem less likely to fall in love with the objects themselves.
[15:56.48]We all know men for whom machines
[15:58.83]seem to be extensions of their identity.
[16:00.94]A woman is more likely to see her car,
[16:03.16]rifle or computer as a useful tool,
[16:05.73]but not in itself fascinating.
[16:09.26]Women are, on the whole, more verbal than men.
[16:13.92]They are good at language and at reasoning,
[16:16.26]while men tend to be better at tasks demanding visual spatial abilities.
[16:23.11]Words are tools for communicating with other people
[16:26.15]and they are mainly verbal tools.
[16:28.12]Visual and spatial abilities are tools
[16:31.39]for imagining and manipulating objects
[16:36.05]and helping communicating information about them.
[16:38.68]Are these abilities programmed into the brain?
[16:42.82]It has been suggested that when it comes to the brain,
[16:45.61]males are specialists while women are generalists.
[17:39.19]But no one knows that, if anything,
[17:41.48]this means in terms of the abilities of the two sexes.
[17:45.08]Engineering is both visual and spatial,
[17:47.74]and it's true that there are relatively fewer women engineers.
[18:40.76]But women become just as skilled as men
[18:42.69]at shooting a rifle or driving a car,
[18:44.87]tasks that involve visual spitial skills.
[18:47.51]They also do equally well at programming a computer,
[18:50.21]which is neither visual nor spatial.
[19:44.58]Women do, however,
[19:45.47]seem less likely to fall in love with the objects themselves.
[19:49.00]We all know men for whom machines
[19:51.11]seem to be extensions of their identity.
[19:53.43]A woman is more likely to see her car,
[19:55.57]rifle or computer as a useful tool,
[19:58.24]but not in itself fascinating.
[20:02.43]Women are, on the whole, more verbal than men.
[20:06.13]They are good at language and at reasoning,
[20:08.45]while men tend to be better at tasks demanding visual spatial abilities.
[20:12.83]Words are tools for communicating with other people
[20:15.82]and they are mainly verbal tools.
[20:17.81]Visual and spatial abilities are tools
[20:20.52]for imagining and manipulating objects
[20:23.08]and helping communicating information about them.
[20:25.58]Are these abilities programmed into the brain?
[20:28.26]It has been suggested that when it comes to the brain,
[20:31.03]males are specialists while women are generalists.
[20:34.60]But no one knows that, if anything,
[20:36.99]this means in terms of the abilities of the two sexes.
[20:40.67]Engineering is both visual and spatial,
[20:43.38]and it's true that there are relatively fewer women engineers.
[20:46.62]But women become just as skilled as men
[20:48.41]at shooting a rifle or driving a car,
[20:50.70]tasks that involve visual spitial skills.
[20:53.34]They also do equally well at programming a computer,
[20:55.91]which is neither visual nor spatial.
[20:58.19]Women do, however,
[20:59.18]seem less likely to fall in love with the objects themselves.
[21:02.69]We all know men for whom machines
[21:04.74]seem to be extensions of their identity.
[21:07.06]A woman is more likely to see her car,
[21:09.35]rifle or computer as a useful tool,
[21:11.99]but not in itself fascinating.
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